History Of France: France is located in Western Europe between Germany and the iberian Peninsula,before the turn of the first millennium.
Most of the region was inhabited by both Nomadic and tribal cults for those that have seen my other videos you’ll begin [to] notice this.
As a reoccurring theme with early European history the cults owned some land the romans came and took the land and then poof.
History begins the cults were divided into two main groups the gauls in the south and the belgae in the north.
But the area was actually quite ethnicity diverse.
There were greek Colonies in the French Riviera and even a non-indo-European people called aquatic who’s language and people is related to the Modern-day Basque region.
Goal was captured for the Roman Empire in 58 BC by Julius Caesar who brought the language of the empire volga latin.
Which is the ancestor of Modern French?
One of the conquered tribes was called the [Paris] [II] who founded the city on an island in the river scene in 250 BC.
Because of its strategic location and easy defense ability, it became an important Celtic city and eventually, the capital of France called Paris, early France Shares much of its history with Germany.
So if you haven’t seen my other video on the topic you can catch up by clicking here, but for our purposes.
We’ll pick up right after charlemagne’s Frankish Empire was split into three kingdoms.
West Frankia which became the kingdom of france covered most of the territory familiar to us today, but for a while.
It was very disconnected and non.
Centralized power in fact a usual wide kingdom very liberally as the [king] really had no power at all in comparison to the Prince’s Dukes and clergy sure he could sit on a throne in Columns of King.
But it was nothing more than a glorified title one of the real problems came during the Norman conquest of 1066 in Which William.
the conqueror became king of England while still remaining a subject to the French crown as duke of Normandy and absurd that won’t become a problem any time soon here of capay seized power when he was elected in 1980, seven establishing the patient Dynasty however again the title of King meant very Little the french during this period .
Answered the call to crusade with fervor and the Catholic Church grew in Significant importance with the clergy holding much power and influence in the region.
History Of France
With each passing decade the kingdom of France lost more and more land to the anglo-Norman.
Kings to a point where all that war was fought between Philip II and Richard the lionheart.
But with Richards death in 1199 Philip managed to conquer much of his holdings in France.
tensions came to a boiling point after the death of Charles the fourth since his only legal successor would have been the English Edward the third and the war was erupted in the disputed lands lasting more than a century there are – known as the hundred years war.
During the war, the countryside was ravaged by the black death, and when all signs were pointing to an English victory a pious peasant girl.
Named Joan of Arc lifted the English siege and helped Repel the English from French soil in 1477.
France Won The Western half of Burgundy in a war with the [hapsburgs] and in 1532.
Incorporated the Duchy of Brittany greatly expanding her territory France became a European superpower in the next few centuries notably fighting a war with their neighbors for land fighting another war with their neighbors for religion.
Starting a sizeable colonial Empire in the new world fought another war with their neighbors for land and became involved in the American revolution debts.
From the wars began to mount and the French peasants became increasingly dissatisfied with monarchy who by this point had gained unchecked power?
The liberal ideas of the enlightenment and the widespread famine paved the way for France’s most famous political event the French.
Revolution as well as the rise of the military Hero, Napoleon bonaparte.
With the establishment of a French [parliament] in the storming of the bastille the revolution saw the execution of Louis xVI.
And widespread Chaos in France, I will eventually cover the revolution in more detail.
But the main point to take away was the success of a mostly chaotic French republic against the first coalition.
Largely due to a talented general named Napoleon.
Bonaparte then seized power from the divided French republic in the war of [the] second coalition and began to win many wars in many successive coalition’s against France even after Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo.
He left a permanent mark on France in Europe and ensured that French liberalism would spread throughout the world.
Even though that may not have been his intention after the death of Napoleon the country was politically unstable.
But their economy was strong building a large [Empire] in Africa [and] Asia enjoying cultural prosperity,but lost much of the dominance in Europe to the new form German Empire the Third Republic was formed and became the central focus for.
The German Empire during the first World war who feared being encircled by an alliance between France and Russia.
France joined the side of the allies and fared very badly during the first phase of the war.
But eventually won the war with Germany surrender in 1918 the war.
Reparations at the Treaty of Versailles granted France the territories they had lost during the Franco-Prussian War in the previous century.
But the treaty also made them unfortunate targets of Hitler’s Nazi regime just 20 years later.
The French Lost world War two very early on and were occupied by the germans for the majority of the war and much of their
The land was a theater of battle between the allied and axis after the defeat of the axis powers France rebuilt and sided with the capitalist west during the cold war and during this time lost their Colonial Empire however the Modern-day.
The French Republic is one of the founders of the European Union and [the] most visited country in the world with a huge tourism sector.